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Gender inequity is prevalent in transboundary water issues at multiple scales. Most commonly it is articulated through the recognition of the role that women play in collecting and safeguarding water for domestic use. It is also present at the policy and decision-making levels. The laws and organizations responsible for transboundary water management do not currently reflect a gendered approach, despite international recognition given to the necessity of including women in water management structures at all levels (Earle & Bazilli, 2013).

Women have the right to participate on equal terms as men in peace processes, and the importance of a gender perspective on peace and security and the role that women play in sustainable peace and security is recognized by the UN (UN Security Council Resolution 1325). Statistics indicate however, that only 7% of participants in peace negotiations and 2% of signatories to peace agreements are women (UNIFEM, 2010).

Equality between women and men is a core part of Sweden’s foreign policy strategy. Its feminist foreign policy seeks to combat discrimination against women, improve conditions for women and contribute to peace and development. Women’s participation in decision-making must be strengthened in countries at peace, countries in conflict and countries in which reconstruction is under way. A feminist foreign policy seeks the same goals as any visionary foreign policy: peace, justice, human rights and human development.

Recommended Reading

Earle and Bazilli (2013). A gendered critique of transboundary water management. Feminist Review 103.

Sida (2015) Women, Peace and Security. Gender Toolbox

Folke Bernadotte Academy forms network of women peace mediators