Curriculum Vitae - Peter Roger Morgan


Wellingborough, United Kingdom. 10.2.43


  • Romford Royal Liberty Grammar School (Essex, England): 4 “A” level GCE passes (Zoology, Botany, Physics, Chemistry). University of Hull, U.K.
  • 1964: B.Sc. (Hons) Class II div. I (Zoology).
  • 1968: Ph.D. Marine Biology.

Positions held

  • 1968 – 1971: Research Fellow in Limnology, University of Malawi.
  • 1972 – 1990: Medical Research Officer, Blair Research Laboratory, Ministry of Health. Zimbabwe.
  • 1990 – 1992: Advisor to the Ministry of Health
  • 1993 – 1996: Chairman of Mvuramanzi Trust
  • 1993 – present: Director, Aquamor, Pvt. Ltd.

Institutional & technical developments in Zimbabwe

  • 1972/73: Studied biology and control of schistosomiasis.
  • 1973: Established Health Technology Unit at the Blair Research Laboratory (the MOH’s Research Laboratory) with emphasis being placed in the water and sanitation sector as a means of disease control.
  • Sanitation: Researched & developed Blair VIP Latrine, an improvement of the pit toilet, now widely known and used internationally as the VIP Latrine. Very large numbers of these units have been built in Zimbabwe and around the world. Many variants of the BVIP have been designed including multi-compartment units for schools, and units which are easy to empty and where recycling of the human material is possible. Also an upgradeable series of toilet designs, which start simple but can be upgraded to a full Blair VIP system have been designed and this concept (known as the upgradeable BVIP – uBVIP) has been accepted by the GOZ and is now on trial.
  • Hand Pumps: Designed Blair Pump (1976), Spiral tube waterwheel pump (1979), Bucket pump (1983), Bush Pump (“B” type) in 1987 – a restyling of the Zimbabwe National Hand Pump first designed 1933 by Tommy Murgatroyd. It was restyled by Cecil Anderson in the 1960s. The “B” type is the second restyling. The “B” type Bush Pump became the National Standard Hand Pump in Zimbabwe in 1989 and attained “public domain” status with International Specifications being drawn up by SKAT (Switzerland) in 2006. Variants of the Bush Pump have also been designed, including open top cylinder versions for ease of maintenance.
  • Improved Traditional Water Supplies: Developed methods of improving water quality and safety from traditional wells – culminating in unit called the “Upgraded Family Well.” Fully endorsed by the GOZ, this concept lies at the basis of the concept of “Self Supply” for domestic water provision. Over 50 000 of these units have been constructed serving half a million people. The technology has been refined and improved. An upgradeable series of family wells has also been defined. Rainwater harvesting and water purification methods and a have also been studied and a range of hand washing devices.
  • Ecological sanitation: Developed series of lower cost ecological toilets which are being used in various African countries. These include toilets known as the Arborloo and Fossa alterna. These accelerate composting in shallow pit toilets. The re-use of urine and toilet compost has also been studied. A three year study has also been made of applying ecological sanitation in schools. These various works have helped link sanitation, agriculture and forestry. An upgradeable series of sanitation technologies was developed during 2006/7 to suit a wide range of requirements. A considerable number of publications have been produced on Ecological Sanitation. These together with written material on various other subjects related to Water and Sanitation are being built up on a new website.

Most of the above work has been performed to support the Zimbabwe Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Program, although several developments are used in other African and Third World countries. The Blair Latrine became known internationally as the VIP and is well known. The Upgraded Family Well is a good example of the “Self Supply” concept of water supply, where families build and look after their own water supply, often using  or improving on methods originating in traditional culture. It is officially recognized by the GOZ. The Bush Pump is almost unique in being developed entirely in Africa for Africa and still serving its country of origin. The Blair (VIP) Latrine, Upgraded Family Well and Bush Pump form the technical base for much of the rural Water Supply and Sanitation Program in Zimbabwe.

Developments in Ecological Sanitation, which concentrate on the formation of compost suitable for use in agriculture and the growth of trees using nutrients derived from human excreta (both urine and composted excreta) have broadened the scope of this subject and these developments are now being used in several countries in Africa. I have also supported my assistant, Annie Kanyemba in studies of Menstrual Hygiene Management in schools. All technical developments are supported by technical manuals, CDs, Power Point presentations, papers, books and other literature.

Other professional activities

  • 1987 – 92: Editor, Zimbabwe Science News.
  • 1989 – 90: President, Zimbabwe Scientific Association.
  • 1991 – 98: Member, Medical Research Council of Zimbabwe.
  • 1993    Co-founded local NGO called and Mvuramanzi Trust.
  • 1995 – 2004:  Member, Management Board, Institute of Water and Sanitation Development.


100 + scientific & technical papers; 66 Blair Research Bulletins, many technical reports. Author of 2 books (Rural Water Supplies and Sanitation. Macmillans 1990, and Toilets that make Compost, SEI, 2007) and contributor to three other books. Many technical manuals and reports, power points and papers have been written. Other substantial publications include: An Ecological Approach to Sanitation in Africa, Ecological Toilets and Teaching Ecological Sanitation in Schools have also been written. Much information on website


Visits have been made to the following countries to investigate and advise on local programs in rural water supplies and sanitation: Botswana, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Tanzania, South Africa, Sudan, Uganda, Zambia.  These tours have been made on behalf of the Government of Zimbabwe, GTZ, Sida and UNICEF etc.

A brief overview of some of the projects studied: Namibia to study the work of the Red Cross Society in the area of Water supplies and Sanitation in the northern regions from Opuwa through to Rundu. Botswana to study and advise on the national sanitation programme. South Africa: part of a 3 man external evaluation team studying the Mvula Trust, an NGO supporting water and sanitation projects in South Africa. Also two studies in Maputaland, Kwazulu/Natal. Mozambique. Evaluations of the work of UNICEF & GTZ in the area of rural water supplies, mainly in the Manica Province, but also visiting the Tete and Cabo Delgado Provinces. Collaboration with WaterAid with project concerned with ecological sanitation and rural water supply. Collaboration with the University of Mozambique. Malawi: Collaboration with WaterAid, Cida, WASTE  and CCAP in area of ecological sanitation. Tanzania: Studies of the Hesawa project in western Tanzania based in Mwanza. Kenya: Studies include one of Kisumu water supplies and a separate Kisumu Ecological Sanitation project. Also evaluation of Kwaho a local NGO working in the W & S sector, and evaluations of several projects in Western Kenya. Run ecosan workshop, Mombasa. Ethiopia: Studies of work by Sida and also UNICEF and Danida in the rural water supply and sanitation sector. Also Ecological Sanitation work. Sudan: Lecturing in the University in Khartoum. Uganda: study rainwater systems and also ecological sanitation traing. Zambia: Study ecological sanitation for small towns.


  • 1976: P. H. Haviland Award by Zimbabwe Institution of Engineers.
  • 1983: Zimbabwe Scientific Association Gold Medal Award for outstanding scientific research.
  • 1986: Certificate of Distinction, presented by the Research Council of Zimbabwe.
  • 1986: International Inventors Award – Presented by King of Sweden, Stockholm.
  • 1991: M.B.E. Awarded by Queen Elizabeth II of England.
  • 1997: Paul Harris Fellow awarded by The Rotary Foundation of Rotary International.
  • 2009: AMCOW AfricaSan Award for Technical Innovation in sanitation.
  • 2012: RWSN. Award for Lifetime Services to Rural Water Supply.

Marital status

Married with two children


Sailing, Artwork, D.I.Y., Gardening, Photography, Videography, computer/desk top publishing.